|PROPOSED SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL GROWTH CORRIDOR OF TANZANIA (SAGCOT) INVESTMENT PROJECT|
THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE
PROPOSED SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL GROWTH CORRIDOR OF TANZANIA (SAGCOT) INVESTMENT PROJECT
DISCLOSURE OF THE VULNERABLE GROUPS PLANNING FRAMEWORK (VGPF)
The Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) initiative is an international public private partnership launched at the World Economic Forum on Africa in May 2010 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and in Davos Switzerland in January 2011 as a means to implement Tanzania’s transformational agriculture vision, the Kilimo Kwanza. Its mandate is to mobilize private sector agribusiness investments, and, linked closely with public sector commitments, to achieve rapid and sustainable agriculture growth in southern corridor of Tanzania. The overall SAGCOT Program is broadly identified as a public-private partnership intended to improve the incomes, employment opportunities and food security of smallholder farmers across the southern corridor of Tanzania. This will be done by linking them to internationally competitive supply chains and accelerating commercial agricultural development, in particular by using foreign direct investment attracted by the removal of policy and infrastructural constraints to competitiveness and by facilitated access to land.
SAGCOT is led by Kilimo Kwanza Executive Committee and represents a new, long term commitment from many different organizations to work in partnership and create critical mass of successful and sustainable agriculture development in Tanzania. It is the first of a sequence of phased initiatives to develop Agricultural Growth Corridors in Tanzania.
The SAGCOT initiative is explicitly designed to achieve higher rates of income growth, job creation and poverty reduction through the development of competitive agribusiness value chains across the Southern Corridor. The programme will concentrate investments within the rail and road corridor stretching from Dar es Salaam in the east through to Morogoro, Iringa, Mbeya, and west to Sumbawanga. Over the next 20 years, SAGCOT aims to bring 350,000 hectares of farmland into commercial production for national, regional and international markets to increase annual farming revenues by US$1.2 billion, and lift over 2 million people (about 450,000 households) out of poverty.
There are various Vulnerable Groups (VGs) in the SAGCOT area. Determination of which groups in Tanzania are recognized as vulnerable is being done on a project by project basis, and is done according to the following criteria: those that may be below the food poverty line and lack access to basic social services. – (including those that are geographically isolated), and are not integrated with society at large and its institutions due to physical or social factors.
The SAGCOT Investment Project will generate potential benefits to VGs living in the sub-project areas under the Matching Grants scheme; however, it may also lead to some adverse impacts on these groups. This Vulnerable Groups Planning Framework (VGPF) has been prepared as an annex to the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) to examine any impacts on these groups and ensure they are informed about and participate in sub-projects that may affect them or areas in which they are present. The VGPF includes measures to ensure that for any proposed sub-project: such groups have been involved in a process of free, prior and informed consultation leading to broad community support for the sub-project; any adverse impacts on such groups are mitigated; the groups obtain socially appropriate benefits from the sub-project; there is a process for grievance redress; and, the project includes monitoring and evaluation to assess the project’s impacts on and benefits for vulnerable groups. Where necessary, a Vulnerable Group Plan (VGP) will be prepared for each sub-project that will include actions to ensure such groups are supported by and actively participate in the sub-project.
APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPT OF Vulnerable Groups (VGs)
One of the key principles of the Tanzanian Constitution is “ujamaa”, or familyhood, namely that a person becomes a person through the people or community. To this end, the Constitution emphasizes the importance of not singling out individuals, tribes or ethnic groups. The structure of the Government of the United Republic and the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar or any of their organs, and the discharge of their functions shall be so effected as to take into account the unity of the United Republic and the need to promote national unity and preserve national dignity.
The objective of the Constitution is to facilitate the building of the United Republic as a nation of equal and free individuals enjoying freedom, justice, fraternity and concord, through the pursuit of the policy of Socialism and Self Reliance which emphasizes the application of socialist principles while taking into account the conditions prevailing in the United Republic. Therefore, the state authority and all its agencies are obliged to direct their policies and programmes towards ensuring (g) that the Government and all its agencies accord equal opportunities to all citizens, men and women alike without regard to their colour, tribe, religion, or station in life.
APPROACH TO VULNERABLE GROUP PLANNING:
Tanzania has a longstanding practice of extensive consultation and participation at local levels. This approach is enshrined in legislation, such as the Local Government Act, 1982 which promotes public meetings at the local level and encourages village residents in “undertaking and participating in communal enterprises” and to “participate, by way of partnership or any other way, in economic enterprises with other village councils.
Community Plans are developed by local authorities, following extensive consultations with stakeholders. The local stakeholders decide how the Plans will be implemented and who will be responsible for results. Plans are routinely monitored and updated. Local communities also discuss the beneficiaries of the Plans and who, if any, are being adversely affected, and what measures should be taken to mitigate impacts, including compensatory measures. Local meetings and Minutes of the meetings are public and accessible.
Following this approach, the SAGCOT Investment Project is expected to facilitate smooth communication of all the stakeholders, even if there is an absence of specific guidelines at the local authorities’ level. Mitigating this absence is the fact that the SAGCOT Investment Project will work with communities and CSOs to exploit the opportunity on the ground to reach out where some VGs from different groups come together. Natural meeting areas, such as markets, will be strategic points for awareness creation and other SAGCOT Investment Project participatory activities.
As mentioned above, the VGPF is an annex to the ESMF and SRESA, which have been consulted upon extensively during project preparation. The VGP(s) address(es) the: (i) local social organization, social issues, customary land use and tenure, and resource use patterns among the affected VGs; (ii) potential positive and negative impacts on VGs; (iii) measures to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for the adverse project effects; (iv) measures to ensure socially appropriate project benefits will accrue to VGs; (v) measures for grievance redress; (vi) measures to strengthen the capacity of Catalytic Trust Fund to address VGs issues; (vii) the involvement of local authorities, CBOs, CSOs and NGOs with expertise in VGs issues; (viii) budget allocation; and (ix) monitoring and evaluation.
THE PERMANENT SECRETARY
PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE
DAR ES SALAAM